XVIII. Acronyms and Their Meanings

Acronym Meaning
AIAG Automotive Industry Action Group
ASQ American Society for Quality (formerly American Society for Quality Control)
ASN Advanced Shipping Notification
ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials
CA-PDCA Check Action-Plan Do Check Action
CAS Countermeasure Activity Sheet
CAT Corrective Action Team
C/M Countermeasure
C-TPAT Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism
DVP&R Design Verification Plan and Report
ES Engineering Specification
ESD Electro-Static Discharge
FMEA Failure Mode and Effects Analysis
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning
IASG International Automotive Sector Group
ISO International Organization for Standardization
JIT Just-In-Time
KCC Key Control Characteristic
KPC Key Product Characteristic
KYT Kiken Yochi Training / Danger Forecast Training
MP Mass Production
MTC Mondai Taisaku (Problem Countermeasure) Chart
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement
NG No Good
OEM Original Equipment Manufacturer
Poka-Yoke Foolproof Device
PCC Part Content Certification
PCR Process Change Request
PPH Past Problem History
PPM Parts Per Million
QFD Quality Function Deployment
QIP Quality Improvement Plan
SC Significant Characteristic
SIC Standard Industrial Classification
SOP Standard Operating Procedure
SOP Start of Production
SPF Standardized Packaging Form
SPC Statistical Process Control
SPM Supplier Policy Manual
TPM Total Productive Maintenance
TPR Tooling Progress Report
VA Value Analysis
VE Value Engineering
3I-3A Immediately go to the Actual process, Immediately check the Actual defects, Immediately take Action against the problem
4Z Zero Defect, Zero Delayed Delivery, Zero Machine Breakdown, Zero Injury
5S Seiri, Seiton, Seison, Seiketsu, Sitsuke (Sort, Straighten, Sweep, Sanitize, Sustain)
5W,1H What, Why, When, Where, Who, How
6M Man, Method, Material, Machine, Measurement, Mold